It is very essential to look after your eyes. As you get older the number of problems in the eyes keeps on increasing and without proper care and regular eye checkups these conditions can worsen. A large number of people lose their vision due to ignorance of small problems in the eyes. Macular Degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in people above the age of 60 years and without a proper eye examination you will never know the condition exists. The sooner the condition is identified the better it is. While there is no macular degeneration cure, there are a number of ways to treat and control it.
Macular Degeneration come in two forms:
Dry Form: The dry form of Macular Degeneration is predominantly characterized by yellow deposit formation in the macula that is called the drusen. While a few drusen will not affect the vision a lot, as they grow in number and size it may lead to deterioration of the vision especially when reading. In the advanced stages of dry Macular Degeneration, the light cell layers in the macula start thinning. This leads to tissue death or atrophy. The atrophic form causes blind spots to form in the patient’s eyes. If this condition deteriorates further, it leads to patients losing vision in the central part of the eye.
Wet Form: The wet form of Macular Degeneration is predominantly characterized by abnormal blood vessels growing under the macula from the choroid. This condition is called choroidal neovascularization. The blood vessels that are formed start leaking fluid and blood into the retina. This leads to distortion in the vision. Straight lines start looking wavy and several blind spots start occurring. This bleeding from the blood vessels begins to eventually form a scar that may lead to a permanent loss of vision.
Macular degeneration is usually found in people above the age of 60 years and is often referred to as age related macular degeneration. While the condition is considered to be hereditary, people without any history of macular degeneration can also get the condition. People with a history of the condition in their family however are at a higher risk of getting it which is why they need to be more careful. It is usually passed on from parents to their children.
Some of the other reasons that this condition occurs is due to smoking, high blood pressure and obesity. People with lighter colored eyes are also at a higher risk of suffering from macular degeneration.
Macular degeneration does not have a lot of symptoms and since the macular degeneration cure does not exist, it is essential to visit your doctor for regular eye examinations in order to treat your eyes at an early stage. Some of the main symptoms for this condition include blurry vision and changed color perception.
There are various treatment methods available that help to treat the condition and it is essential to consult the right eye doctor for effective treatment solutions.